Developed by an American professor of medicine Jon Kabat-Zinn, MBSR is an intensive 8-weeks training of attention, which directs the participants’ focus to self-awareness and teaches them how to use it in daily life. MBSR was the first program that introduced Mindfulness to medicine. Its first use dates 1979, and since that time it got trendy across the globe.
Initially, MBSR was used to alleviate the stress of caregiving professionals (nurses, doctors, teachers, firefighters), but quickly spread to serve more individuals, due to increasing stress levels and people affected by its influence. Stress reduction is an effect of heightened awareness that helps regulate flight-or-fight response by lowering automated reaction (impulse).