Forest design

Food forest design consists of 7 layers, trying to resemble as much the way plants grow in the forest naturally as possible. The idea is to adopt the principles used in nature so that the maintenance of the food forest becomes easier and almost self-sustained. Forests can manage themselves, they are a good role model to follow in designs.

The upper layer of the food forest is made of tree canopies, which protect the lower layers from excessive heat. Next layer is made of smaller trees, providing still more protection. Next, we have shrubs and then herbs. The fifth layer is made of the ground cover plants, which protect the soil. Next, we have root plants (e.g., radish, ginger) and finally climbing plants, which can rise from the ground up (e.g., grapes).

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